Magnetic flux tube

The 3-dimensional standing mode solutions of the linearized MHD equations in a cylindrical geometry for sausage, kink and fluting modes for upto n=6, can be seen to the right. The visualizations are based on the solutions obtained by Edwin and Roberts (1983).

Here, n is the azimuthal wave number. For all cases the following parameters are used:

The parameters in a magnetic flux tube waveguide are defined as: